Large-Scale Land Acquisition and Economic Development

A Position Paper of The Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) Development

Authors

  • Yudha Purbawa PPSK ATP Kementerian ATR BPN

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53686/jp.v11i2.78

Keywords:

Large-scale land acquisition, economic development, Yogyakarta International Airport

Abstract

ABSTRACT
The development of Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) has been accomplished, and even now the airport is currently
operating, serving the flight from and to Yogyakarta Special Province. However, the pro and cons of the YIA development
remain. Some argue the YIA brought economic development for locals, while others argue the YIA made the locals worse-off.
This paper describes the author’s view on this opposite perspective by reviewing several scientific articles regarding the YIA.
The author supports the idea that the new airport of Yogyakarta has the potential to boost local economic development due
to some conditions, they are sufficient compensation, productive use of compensation, the high number of flight destinations,
and government intervention to involve the local sources. In addition, further research to estimate the average effect of YIA
land acquisition compensation and the YIA existence on local economic development by using causal inference techniques is
required to ensure the most objective study result.
Keywords : large-scale land acquisition, economic development, Yogyakarta International Airport.


ABSTRAK
Pembangunan Bandara Internasional Yogyakarta (YIA) telah selesai dan saat ini telah beroperasi melayani penerbangan dari
dan menuju Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY), namun masih ada pendapat pro dan kontra mengenai pembangunan
YIA. Beberapa pihak berpandangan bahwa YIA membawa pembangunan ekonomi bagi penduduk setempat, sedangkan
beberapa pihak lain berpendapat bahwa YIA malah memperburuk kondisi perekonomian warga lokal. Artikel ini menyajikan
pandangan penulis terhadap perbedaan perspektif tentang YIA ini dengan mengulas beberapa tulisan ilmiah tentang
pembangunan YIA. Penulis berpendapat bahwa pembangunan YIA memiliki potensi untuk dapat menciptakan kemajuan
ekonomi lokal karena memenuhi beberapa persyaratan, yaitu ganti rugi yang cukup, penggunaan uang ganti rugi untuk hal
produktif, tingginya angka penerbangan tujuan ke DIY, dan intervensi pemerintah dalam memanfaatkan sumber daya lokal.
Untuk mencapai hasil studi paling objektif, maka dibutuhkan penelitian lebih lanjut untuk menghitung secara rata-rata dampak
dari ganti rugi lahan bandara YIA dan dampak dari keberadaan bandara YIA terhadap parameter pembangunan ekonomi
dengan menggunakan metode-metode pengukuran sebab-akibat.
Kata kunci : pengadaan tanah skala besar, pembangunan ekonomi, Bandara Internasional Yogyakarta.

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Published

2021-11-29

How to Cite

Purbawa, Y. (2021). Large-Scale Land Acquisition and Economic Development: A Position Paper of The Yogyakarta International Airport (YIA) Development. Jurnal Pertanahan, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.53686/jp.v11i2.78